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Thank you for considering contributing to this knowledge base! We welcome all input from the community. If you'd like to contribute but aren't sure where to start, pick an open issue from the GitHub repository on a topic you know something about and begin work there. Alternatively, if you see a page that needs improvement or want to add a new one all together then please go right ahead!

The contribution process is as follows:

  • Fork the repository
  • Make your changes to the appropriate files under /docs, following the style guide below where possible.
  • Open a merge request, and fill in the merge template

Drop Nick Jones, Christian Philipov, Matthew Keogh or Mohit Gupta a line on the Cloud Security Forum Slack workspace, or Twitter, if you have questions or need some support.

Code of Conduct

All contributors must follow our code of conduct.

Style Guide

This style guide exists to inform the creation and amendment of articles in the cloud wiki. This will help:

  • ensure consistency when creating articles
  • inform the minimum content for a given article

Not all services are the same, some just aren't very security-relevant, or are small, focused and don't allow lots of options. For instance:

  • A page for AWS Marketplace could not really have the same level of detail as that of AWS EC2.
  • Azure Backups, although an important service, will not have the same amount of content as Azure AD.

The purpose of this wiki is to support cloud security professionals in their work, and is intended to serve as a reference rather than a location for blog-style content. For this purpose we encourage that article writing:

  • be factually accurate, grammatically correct and professional
  • biases towards easy-to-skim content formats, making extensive use of bullets, tables and other similar styles to break the content up and make it easier to read.
  • presents facts and the topic in a light, concise yet more descriptive (where relevant), easy-to-follow, informal even, fashion.
    • this would logically apply better to the larger, core topics which would require more extensive articles.

Preferred Language Usage

All the reviewers appreciate any commits that will help other people in the cloud security community with either small corrections to existing pages or new pages entirely. To support that, we're happy for people to add and commit information in any way that is easier for them, based on the type of English language they are most comfortable with.

However, for the purposes of consistency we'd ask that people consider using American English spelling when uncertain on how to spell certain words that are ambiguous and can be spelt in different ways (e.g. socialise vs socialize, organisation vs organization, etc...). All provided PRs will be reviewed primarily for technical content and its accuracy, whereas specific wording and spelling will be a secondary concern in review process.

Template guidelines for the "minimalistic" style service pages

Below is a table defining for what would constitute the absolute bare minimum a service page should contain, for it to be considered for publication (most of you will already be familiar with this):

Authorization typeNotes
Service Details / DescriptionBrief introduction to the service, what it is, what it does. Is it based on/related to any other service(e.g. Azure Blobs - part of Azure Storage Accounts)? Anything else related to the service that could provide better understanding.
Assessment NotesFill in with specific things to check for as part of a security assessment. Where possible, include specific, actionable instructions on how to verify (where in the web console to check, which CLI commands to run etc).
Operational NotesAny content related to operational considerations (I.E useful to know but not directly to be checked as part of an assessment) goes here. Good examples include how the service interacts with other services within the relevant cloud provider, or common deployment architectures/considerations.
External LinksRelevant resources for learning/dealing with this service. Could either point to relevant official cloud provider documentation pages, or any articles/blogs presenting techniques, vulnerabilities or any other test-aiding material. Helpful to have as well for inclusion in reports' "Further Information" sections.
  • Make use of subheadings wherever relevant, to ensure presentation clarity and logical separation of topics; this would be most relevant in the "Assessment Notes" section
  • Aim at presenting the content under the form of concise statements, making use of bullet points and clear examples
  • Ensure, at minimum, a degree of structure and professionalism for the content presented
    • Do not leave it as a pure brain dump/excessively notes-like and scarce, difficult to make much sense of for anyone who's not the author
    • Be mindful these needs to be helpful at all times, both for people already familiar with the topic, but especially for someone performing testing for the very first time, too

Guidelines for the "larger" service pages

Now, for the topics that would definitely end up turning into a bigger article, you could apply the things discussed earlier. The key objectives with these larger articles are to:

  • Keep the reader interested, while also..
  • Allow them to still find the facts they're looking for
  • Find them with ease

It is essential that these articles continue to serve their purpose of providing the relevant information about the service, actions to be taken during testing, and things to be on the lookout for.

  • Include more comprehensive descriptions about the service in question, referencing bits of information that could actually be useful:
    • to better understand the service and how it operates, or if there are multiple areas of it, how they interoperate
    • trivial aspects of it, areas that have changed over time and might be relevant during testing or for the recommendations to be given
    • elements that might interest organisations, lesser-known areas/features useful in discussions with them
  • Continue using bullet point-style statements for clear and simple information
    • We don't want to make a service page pointlessly overly-descriptive
    • Also helps break the flow when reading
  • Make use of tables, images, or any other medium that can help better drive across/highlight the bits that are being discussed
  • Include any interesting information from experiences on engagements
  • Huge topics such as IAM, or Azure Storage Accounts, which might have multiple services contributing to them, are better structured to:
    • Be presented in a general page discussing the service, perhaps written in the "larger article" style
      • it can mention and briefly give information about relevant related services
      • describe how these interact with each other, "building up" the main service/topic of discussion
    • Still have separate pages for each of the services that make it up, going into details there, rather than overfilling the main service page


Check the pages for Azure MFA and Azure AD for examples of "larger" articles.

  • The former is a great example of the maximum length, descriptiveness and informal style that could/should be present
  • The latter is a bit less descriptive and it's even more bullet-to-the-pointy, yet also conveying the idea of structure that we're aiming at

For an idea of a complete article of the "minimalistic" kind, have a look at AWS CloudTrail instead. This shows the minimum info we should aim at having in an article that's not that big requiring too much explanation.


This repository uses linting to ensure consistency in formatting across content. Linting checks will be run on modified markdown files in pull requests and pushes to the main branch based on the rules defined here. Depending on the text editor that you're using to modify content, there are a few ways to integrate a linter into your authoring workflow. There are extensions such as markdownlint for VS Code available, as well as CLI tools such as markdownlint that can be used to check your content for formatting issues before you submit them.

Code Tabs Usage

This Wiki supports Tabs which provide a great way to format code examples for different languages. Usage is nice and simple and ends up with an object looking like this:

printf "Cloud Wiki"

First you'll need to import the required components by placing this at the top of your markdown page:

import Tabs from '@theme/Tabs';
import TabItem from '@theme/TabItem';

Then we can build the tab object. A couple of things to bear in mind:

  • The label is the value that will appear as the tab name.
  • The blank line before and after the code block within the TabItem is required.
  • Don't indent your code block (the code block itself, you can indent code within the block as required).
<TabItem value="bash" label="bash">

printf "Cloud Wiki"

<TabItem value="posh" label="PowerShell">

Write-Host "Cloud Wiki"


For more examples, you can check the Azure Storage page.